Future mobility

Opportunities and challenges of new digital technologies and the traditional public transport’s interface with new mobility services.

Future mobility

bild framtidens mobilitet

Public transport both affects, and is affected by, complex relationships with other functions and events in major cities and their surrounding areas. The planning, implementation and operation of public transport therefore needs to be more integrated with other spatial planning. This particularly applies in relation to issues concerning strategies and plans for urban land use and planning, but also in relation to other social functions at local, regional and national level, such as healthcare, education, environment and regional development. Public transport must also be planned in an integrated manner with other types of traffic, to better integrate cycling and public transport.

Digitisation will facilitate the emergence of new demand-driven or shared mobility services and new business models for combined-service passengers that can compete with or complement today’s public transport services. The introduction of autonomous vehicles can accelerate and reinforce the effects of such a trend. This development creates opportunities, but also challenges, for example, for personal privacy, for various individuals’ access to a changed mobility landscape, for costs and for the ability to achieve climate targets and environmental goals.


Overall research issues
Although most public transport will be provided by existing services for the foreseeable future, digitisation and new mobility services will entail a major change for passengers and commercial operators in and around public transport. This trend also affects the way in which public transport is organised, which actors are involved, and their different strategies. New solutions also affect the conditions and requirements for the physical design of the transport system and the public transport services offered.

Research is needed on the following, broadly formulated issues: 

  • How can behaviour be changed as a result of digitisation generally, such as changes to the organisation of working life, and to new mobility services in particular? What do such behavioural changes mean for passengers and for the demand for public transport at different times and places in the city or the surrounding area? How does it affect public transport costs and socio-economic efficiency?
  • What kind of individualised and context-conscious information can support combined-service travel from a passenger's perspective? How can this be adapted for passengers with different circumstances and requirements?
  • How can resilient collaboration and business models, including information sharing, be designed for different types of combined-service traveller, which include both traditional public transport, new mobility services, walking and cycling, in ways that lead to more sustainable travel in cities and regions?
  • How can public transport services, including special passenger transport, be affected by new mobility services, e.g. in a city’s suburbs or periphery, or where there are few passengers? How does this affect society's responsibility to provide and finance public transport, and how can public transport authorities and other societal actors take advantage of the opportunities provided by new solutions?
  • How is the physical environment impacted by digitisation and the new mobility services, e.g. the location and design of interchanges? What does this mean for urban and infrastructure planning locally, regionally and nationally?


Expected results
The research is expected to contribute to an increased understanding of how new technology and new services can affect public transport. It includes increased knowledge about how people with different needs and circumstances choose to travel when new opportunities for mobility and information are offered. This knowledge helps to make the regional public transport authorities, municipalities and other relevant actors better equipped to handle opportunities and risks in the mobility landscape of the future, and increases their strategic ability to influence trends in a direction that leads to more sustainable travel.

Publications

How much regulation should disruptive transport technologies be subject to?

Articles

Shaping Smart Mobility Futures: Governance and Policy Instruments in times of Sustainability Transitions

Other

Seeing into the future of mobility: the contestable value of expert knowledge and Delphi as futures methods

Other

Understanding Mobility as a Service (MaaS)

Articles

Making Mobility-as-a-Service: Towards Governance Principles and Pathways

Articles

A Dynamic Approach to Multi-Agent-Based Simulation in Urban Transportation Planning

Articles

Decision support tool for demand responsive transport through simulation

Articles

Towards a framework for Mobility-as-a-Service policies

Articles

Evaluating a Mobility Service Application for Business Travel: Lessons Learnt from a Demonstration Project

Articles

Is climate morality the answer? Preconditions affecting the motivation to decrease private car use

Articles

Effects from usage of pre-trip information and passenger scheduling strategies on waiting times in public transport: an empirical survey based on a dedicated smartphone application

Articles

Development and implementation of Mobility-as-a-Service – A qualitative study of barriers and enabling factors

Articles

Intermediary MaaS Integrators: A case study on hopes and fears

Articles

Public transport regimes and mobility as a service: Governance approaches in Amsterdam, Birmingham, and Helsinki

Articles

How to Integrate Gender Equality in the Future of “Smart” Mobility: A Matter for a Changing Planning Practice

Articles

Exploring the potential of using real-time traveler data in public transport disturbance management

Articles

Monitoring finer-scale population density in urban functional zones: A remote sensing data fusion approach

Articles

Mapping spatio-temporal patterns and detecting the factors of traffic

Articles

Disturbance Management and Information Availability in Public Transport, with Focus on Scania County, Sweden

Articles

Perceived action spaces for public actors in the development of Mobility as a Service

Articles

An international review of experiences from on-demand public transport services

K2 reports

Governing Mobility-as-a-Service: Insights from Sweden and Finland

Articles

Potentials of Context-Aware Travel Support during Unplanned Public Transport Disturbances

Articles

Mobility as a service: Comparing developments in Sweden and Finland

Articles

Public–private innovation: barriers in the case of mobility as a service in West Sweden

Articles

Developing a regional superbus concept – Collaboration challenges

Articles

The fourth wave of digitalization and public transport: opportunities and challenges

Articles

Research projects

Bus stops and bus shelters in the production of public space and mobility

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New mobilities in the making - an exploration of collaborative arrangements that shape future urban public transport

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Towards integrated and adaptive public transport

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Understanding Mobility Patterns in Ten Swedish Urban Regions

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Communicating public transport in the digital age: Impact of digitization on current and future traveler groups´ attitudes, satisfaction and travel behaviors

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Onboard perspective on context-aware travel support for disturbances in public transport

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