Exploring waiting times in public transport through a semi-automated dedicated smartphone app survey
Ulrik Berggren, Carl Johnsson, HelenaSvensson, Anders Wretstranda, Travel Behaviour and Society Volume 15, April 2019, Pages 1-14
• Dedicated smartphone app survey gave important insights into PT travel behaviour.
• Trip lengths, frequencies and transfers comparable to traditional travel survey.
• Trip purpose, scheduled headway, trip duration and access mode strongest determinants for first waiting time.
• Passengers adapted first waiting times to schedule rather than actual (realised) headways.
How to create functioning collaboration in theory and in practice – practical experiences of collaboration when planning public transport systems
Fredrik Pettersson & Robert Hrelja, International Journal of Sustainable Transportation, published online 11 Oct 2018.
The creation of an efficient public transport system increasingly requires collaboration between independent
organizations. Institutional reforms in Europe have created governance situations where collaboration
between organizations is a critical issue, and examples include the integration of transport
and land-use planning and the planning of large public transport projects. The organizational context
of public transport, with several formal, discrete organizations that need to collaborate, raises questions
about how functioning collaborations can be accomplished. This paper examines how to create
functioning collaboration between organizations in the public transport sector. We depart from a theory
of collaboration as a stepwise trust-building process, and we present results from a comparative
case study of collaboration in two Swedish public transport projects. The results show some of the
prerequisites that must be in place in order for the collaboration to work, but also the boundaries of
what collaborative approaches can bring about. Conditions such as honest, open, and inclusive dialog
between stakeholders and resources in the form of finance, knowledge, mandate, and leadership are
important. While there is no guarantee that this will lead to differences in interests being resolved, the
results indicate that it improves the chances of finding compromises that all of the involved stakeholders
can accept, especially if favorable conditions for collaboration are established at an early stage
of the planning process. Building on these findings, we suggest some practical recommendations for
improving collaboration in future public transport projects. These practical recommendations are
aimed at improving the handling of unavoidable conflicts in collaboration in a constructive way.