Boarding and bunching: The impact of boarding procedure on bus regularity and performance

Jens West, School of Architecture and the Built Environment, KTH 2011.

The aim of this thesis is to study how different boarding procedures on buses affect bus bunching, passenger travel time and waiting time, taking the effects on the whole transit network in mind. To achieve this it is important to be able to quantify the bunching problems in situations with different boarding procedures and demand. Allowing the passengers to board through all doors can in combination with a good holding strategy give large benefits in a transit network in the size of Stockholm. Even though bus bunching is a well-known phenomenon, it is seldom considered when evaluating new transit policies and this can lead to underestimation of the effects.