Funding public transport under pressure - the case of Amsterdam

Fabio Hirschhorn Zonana, August 2021

This PM is written within a K2-project on changed conditions for public transport during Covid-19, with particular focus on costs and revenues and measures made by public transport authorities to mitigate the challenges. The PM presents the main data collected about the Amsterdam case. First it explains how public transport is organised in the country and in Amsterdam, indicating who is responsible for funding, planning, and delivering these services. Afterwards, the report describes the repercussions of Covid-19 in the Dutch PT sector with a look into main challenges and concerns brought by the pandemic across three thematic dimensions: the operations of PT, PT funding, and the future of PT.

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