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Car and car emissions cause a variety of problems such as unhealthy city air, noise, accidents and congestion. In addition, emissions from cars contribute to climate change. K2's Alfred Söderberg has published a thesis on various forms of measures to encourage car users to choose other means of transport.

− Soft measures, such as informing about new cycle paths or offering free trial periods with public transport, can be very effective, especially when the measures are aimed at car users who are open to trying something new, says Alfred Söderberg.

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− The starting point was to explore and understand what happens in a specific context where smart mobility is introduced, says Kelsey Oldbury, research assistant at K2 and VTI (the Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute).

Kelsey has studied the processes of governance and planning of public transport in light of the changing transport sector where new smart mobility services are under development and presented the study in her licentiate thesis this February.

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Initial projects are important. Good examples, if it comes to tearing down a freeway in Seoul or out-maneuvering car commuting with speedy trains in Perth, have a crucial impact on change. The sustainable city is possible but often needs an inspiring push for actual decision-making. “Planning for Green and Livable Cities Through Reduced Automobile Dependence” is a global outlook teaching good city planning and sustainable transport – and delivering a strong portion of hope.

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We know that public transport both reflects and reinforces tensions and inequalities between different groups in society. The objective of social sustainability has a long history, but as a concept in terms of social sustainable accessibility it is, however, relatively new in the transport subject area in Sweden.

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Subsidizing public transport is an incentive to improve transportation for people with low income. However, new K2-research reveals that public transport travelers with low income to a large extent use single tickets.

− If you travel as frequently as the people in our sample, single tickets are much more expensive than, for example, monthly travelcards. But people with low income travel more often with single tickets, says K2 PhD-student Anders Bondemark at Lund University and the Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.

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Researchers from K2 have studied policy and strategy documents from thirteen cities in Sweden, the Netherlands, Germany and Great Britain. 

Cars undisputed despite environmental effects
Robert Hrelja (Malmö University) and Tom Rye (Molde University College), scanned the documents, learning about the cities´ intentions for the transition towards a sustainable transport system. Question was, do the problematisation of the cars´negative effects in the documents coincide with actual strategies and measures for reducing car traffic?

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New tramway in Lund - effects for travelers and transport systems
The purpose of this project is to quantitatively analyze travelers' values ​​of various travel time components. The study complements data collection of travel patterns carried out in 2016 and 2017.
Project manager: Ulrik Berggren, Lund University.

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“A message saying smart mobility will only be developed in a desired direction and fulfil societal objectives if it is steered in that direction has been conveyed extensively. This book aims to take the discussion one step further by focusing on what governance of smart mobility looks like today and can look like in the future”, Claus Hedegaard Sørensen explains.

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The COVID-19 crisis has rapidly led to one of the most revolutionary changes in our private and professional lives. Isolation and travel restrictions have resulted in a dramatic reduction in the demand for passenger transport, not least public transport, as people are afraid of being infected by other travellers.

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Fotograf: Marcus Folino

Digital services that provide access to several different mobility services are referred to as Mobility-as-a-Service, MaaS, and include everything from enhanced travel planners to mobility subscription models that bundle new mobility services with traditional public transport.

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Mobility enhances urban life and accessibility; the ability to access and benefit from city amenities and opportunities. Making cities more sustainable is a key aspiration reflected in several of the UN 2030 SDGs. Although transportation is necessary it brings many challenges: as fossil fuel dependence, emissions, injuries and deaths, and gives rise to noise and congestion. Safety and equality in public transportation are major concerns.

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Sonja Forward, Senior Researcher at the Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI), has been in charge of a project looking at business travel and how this can become more sustainable. Sonja believes there are various ways in which to accomplish this: