Regulating smart mobility: Addressing challenges and opportunities in the digital transition of mobility (REGSMART)

Regulating smart mobility: Addressing challenges and opportunities in the digital transition of mobility (REGSMART)

New technologies have the potential to disrupt existing market structures entirely. The digital transformation of mobility is happening now, and existing frameworks may not be prepared for accommodating new and innovative services. Furthermore, the EU’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) raises new questions regarding sustainable data policies. It is therefore critical to gain more thorough understanding on how regulatory frameworks and sector governance should adapt to the rapid development in technologies that public authorities are facing in the transport sector. It is necessary that public authorities pro-actively plan for the era of Smart mobility, to ensure outcomes for the benefit of society and avoid negative externalities of technological change, like increased car use, black economy, market concentration and monopoly, poor working conditions, less privacy, etc. REGSMART addresses opportunities and challenges in the digital transition of mobility by analysing regulatory frameworks and occurring dilemmas focusing on public transport, new concepts for shared mobility and autonomous vehicles. REGSMART aims to make public authorities better equipped to plan for emerging user-centric technologies by addressing opportunities and challenges related to: 1) Sustainable data policies including privacy, data collection, ownership of data, security and ethics, 2) Regulation of the smart mobility market including competition, public service obligations, taxes, certification and licensing, 3) Governance of smart mobility including new roles and strategies for public transport authorities, resource allocation, decision-making, public-private partnerships, coordination and congruence between business and administration.
REGSMART is aimed directly at two of the main goals in the Transport 2025 call: (i) the project investigates how existing regulation should adapt to the digital changes, and (ii) how to deal with new social dilemmas arising of digitalization in the transport sector. Digital changes will affect how people live and move around, creating new challenges and opportunities for policy makers. In order to take into account social dilemmas and how people are affected by them, we will use the framework of responsible research (RRI) formulated by the Norwegian Research Council (NRC), as it emphasizes to establish a broad, mutual dialogue within the sector about how public government can plan for the smart mobility future. The project will address all four dimensions in the RRI-framework (Owen et al. 2013, p. 38): It will be deliberative by using established methods for involving citizens and stakeholders; anticipatory by developing scenarios for future transport; reflective by using citizen involvement to complement and challenge the preconceptions of the researchers; and responsive by maintaining a feedback loop between citizens, stakeholders and researchers throughout the project period. Furthermore, the project facilitates interaction and networking across disciplines such as economics, political science, law and engineering, and across the Nordic countries.

Project manager: 
Nils Fearnley
Research areas: 
Parties: 
VTI
Financier: 
The Research Council of Norway
Budget: 
332 100 kr
Period: 
2020 to 2021