Decisions and effects

Public transport’s social effects and increased knowledge of the role of analysis results and analysis methods in decision-making processes for improved goal achievement.

Decisions and effects

bild beslut och effekter

Public transport is increasingly viewed as a tool for the development of cities and regions, based on a broad sustainability agenda that includes economic, social and environmental aspects. Knowledge of the effects of public transport for individuals and for society as a whole is of crucial importance for decisions on traffic supply programmes, investments and other measures that lead to increased target achievement. In order to contribute to strategic decision-making, the effects of public transport must be understood in a context that includes overall demographic and technological changes in society. 

A more systematic use of analysis methods, both before and after the fact, can contribute to increased knowledge and learning that will strengthen strategic capabilities in the long term. It is enormously important to also increase our knowledge of how analyses and their results are used and negotiated in practical planning and decision-making processes.


Overall research issues
A key aspect of the research area is to describe the effects of public transport on individuals and society, and to critically analyse how individuals and groups are described in analysis models. Impact analyses not only play an instrumental role in decision-making, but are often used conceptually or symbolically. Knowledge of effects must also, therefore, be analysed and understood on the basis of how decision-making processes work in practice.The following research issues have high priority in this area:

  • How does public transport contribute to achieving local, regional and national policy objectives for sustainable cities and regions, e.g. regarding employment targets and reduced climate emissions?
  • What effects do different types of actions have on travel and on passengers' experiences, e.g. accessibility measures for public transport? How can knowledge of such effects be used to guide the measures taken by municipalities and regions so that they can be expected to achieve the greatest benefit in terms of more sustainable travel?
  • What are the system effects of actions in the public transport system and its components, e.g. new conceptual solutions, vehicle electrification, changes to infrastructure and the services offered? How can this knowledge be used to contribute to decisions that lead to the attainment of established objectives?
  • How can citizens and passengers become more involved in analysis and decision processes? How can participation contribute to a better understanding of how public transport is perceived, how it functions and how it can be improved, and at the same time increase legitimacy with citizens for decisions on public transport development?
  • How are analyses used in actual decision processes? How can analyses e.g. evaluations after the fact, be systematized in order to contribute to long-term learning within the public transport sector?
  • Which new or developed models for impact assessments before the fact (e.g. simulation models) or after the fact, can support decision-making, in which the rate of change is high and uncertainty is high, for example, the use of new technology and new services? Which existing and future data sources can be used to support both operational and more strategic decision-making? Who has access to such data and with what consequences?


Expected results
The research is expected to contribute to new knowledge on the effects of public transport and to further develop methods for evaluating these effects. New insights on how decision-making processes work and what role analyses and methods of analysis play in these will be presented. The knowledge will contribute to more informed decision-making processes, to increased learning among public transport actors and greater participation by citizens. Overall, this will contribute to an increased ability to make decisions that lead to the attainment of established goals, e.g. regarding the transition required to achieve the climate goals.

Publications

A Dynamic Approach to Multi-Agent-Based Simulation in Urban Transportation Planning

Articles

The Role of Public Transport in Society—A Case Study of General Policy Documents in Sweden

Articles

Evaluation of public transport: regional policies and planning practices in Sweden

Articles

A Simulation Model for Assessment and Evaluation of Bus Terminal Design

Articles

A Simulation Model of Local Public Transport Access at a Railway Station

Articles

Regression-based evaluation of bicycle flow trend estimates

Articles

On the use of on-line services in transport simulation

Articles

Prediction of bicycle counter data using regression

Articles

Investigating Spatial Inequalities

Other

The effect of marketing messages on the motivation to reduce private car use in different segments

Articles

Effects from usage of pre-trip information and passenger scheduling strategies on waiting times in public transport: an empirical survey based on a dedicated smartphone application

Articles

Why do cities invest in bus priority measures? Policy, polity, and politics in Stockholm and Copenhagen

Articles

Contextualizing Policy: Understanding Implementation under Socio-technical Transitions

Articles

Exploring the potential of using real-time traveler data in public transport disturbance management

Articles

Monitoring finer-scale population density in urban functional zones: A remote sensing data fusion approach

Articles

Mapping spatio-temporal patterns and detecting the factors of traffic

Articles

Preferences in regional public transport: a literature review

Articles

Evaluation of free public transport for older people in Sweden

Articles

An international review of experiences from on-demand public transport services

K2 reports

Discrete event simulation of bus terminals

Articles

Disparities in mobility among older people: Findings from a capability-based travel

Articles

Swedish and Scottish National Transport Policy and Spend: A Social Equity Analysis

Articles

Potentials of Context-Aware Travel Support during Unplanned Public Transport Disturbances

Articles

An urban bikeway network design model for inclusive and equitable transport policies

Articles

Urban Transport and Eco-Urbanism: A Global Comparative Study of Cities with a Special Focus on Five Larger Swedish Urban Regions

Articles

Sustainable Mobility in Swedish Cities

K2 reports

Networked authority and regionalised governance: Public transport, a hierarchy of documents and the anti-hierarchy of authorship

Articles

Justifying Mega-Projects. An Analysis of the Swedish High-Speed Rail Project

Articles

Towards an Agent-Based Model of Passenger Transportation

Articles

Research projects

Capturing the impacts of changes in public transport accessibility

Project manager: 

Equitable accessibility by public transport: Moving from static analysis to incorporating time-space dynamics

Project manager: 

Organizing innovation: learning from pilots and testlabs

Project manager: 

Railway network design and regional labour markets in Sweden

Project manager: 

Agent-based Simulation of passenger

Project manager: